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化工用品的生产需要遵循哪些特性才能长久发展?
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-09-21 发布人:admin
1.消费的连续性。普通化工消费是以连续为特性的,其连续性主要表如今以下两个方面:
1. Continuity of consumption. Consumption of general chemical industry is characterized by continuity. Its continuity is mainly manifested in the following two aspects:
(1)物流的连续性:普通机械加工也是流水作业,一个零件从一个工序到另一个工序,而零件自身并没有更多的变动参数在里面,化工物料则不然,它除了物料自身外还包含许多随时间变化的物理参数在其中,如:温度、压力、组分、浓度、纯度等,一个参数超标就会形成下一个工序出问题。
(1) continuity of Logistics: general machining is also a flow process. One part moves from one process to another, but there are no more parameters in the part itself. Otherwise, chemical materials contain many physical parameters that change with time in addition to the material itself, such as temperature and pressure. Component, concentration, purity and so on. If one parameter exceeds the standard, the next process will be in trouble.
(2)工序间关联性强,主要表如今三个方面:A.开停车:化工厂的开车与停车,各工序之间是有严厉次第和时间配合的,全厂的开停车需求几个小时或十几个小时以至一两才干完成。开停车强调谐和性,有一个环节不正常就会影响整个系统。B.工序质量:各工序各岗位的操作质量相当重要,请求物流的流量、压力、温度、质量、含量等等各项控制指标时时辰刻不能超标,由于一项控制点的动摇或超标不只影响本工序和岗位,更主要是它会形成下面一系列工序的毛病,常常惹起停车、产品不合格或者报废,以至着火、爆炸等。C.系统的稳定:化工消费中系统的稳定相当重要,不只是物料、物流,还包括水、电、气等。例如,在其他企业忽然停1秒钟的电可能不会有多大问题,而在化工厂就会全厂停车,几小时开不起来,经济损失就是几十万。
(2) There are strong correlations among processes, which are mainly manifested in three aspects: A. Start-up and shut-down: start-up and shut-down of chemical plants, there is a strict order and time coordination between the processes, and the whole plant needs several hours or more to complete the start-up and shut-down. Parking emphasizes harmony, and an abnormal link will affect the whole system. B. Procedure quality: The operation quality of each position in each process is very important. The flow, pressure, temperature, quality, content and other control indicators of logistics should not exceed the standard from time to time. Because the shaking or exceeding of a control point will not only affect the process and position, but also cause a series of defects in the following processes. Often cause parking, product disqualification or scrap, and even fire, explosion and so on. C. Stability of the system: The stability of the system in chemical consumption is very important, not only for materials and logistics, but also for water, electricity and gas. For example, sudden power stoppage for one second in other enterprises may not be a big problem, while in chemical plants, the whole plant will stop and cannot start for a few hours, resulting in economic losses of hundreds of thousands of yuan.
2.平安消费的重要性。当然关于任何一个企业来说平安消费都是很重要的,而化工企业来说应该加上“特别”二字,其缘由在于:
氨基磺酸
2. The importance of safe consumption. Of course, safe consumption is very important for any enterprise, and chemical enterprises should add the word "special" because:
(1)物料特性。化工厂的物料多数是有毒、有害、易燃、易爆物质,并且气体和液体居多,消费系统又有许多是高温、高压下停止,假如不留意,随时都有着火爆炸的可能。
(1) Material characteristics. Most of the materials in chemical plants are toxic, harmful, flammable and explosive, and most of them are gases and liquids. Many of the consumption systems stop at high temperature and high pressure. If you don't pay attention, there is a possibility of fire and explosion at any time.
(2)工艺特性。A.消费系统中有不少化学反响,有的反响很剧烈同时放出大量的热,一旦有问题就十分风险。B.过程中物料的滞留量很大,多达几吨、几十吨,而且工序与工序,车间与车间之间是互相连通的,事故的连锁性很强,假如失控结果不堪想象。
(2) Process characteristics. A. There are many chemical reactions in the consumption system, some of which are very violent and emit a lot of heat at the same time. Once there is a problem, it is very risky. B. There is a large amount of material retention in the process, up to several tons, dozens of tons, and the process and process, workshop and workshop are interconnected, the chain of accidents is strong, if the result of out of control is unimaginable.
3.环境维护和员工防护请求高,这是化工厂的物料性和工艺性决议的。能够从下面几个方面看出:
3. High requirements for environmental maintenance and employee protection are the material and technological decisions of chemical plants. It can be seen from the following aspects:
(1)多数物料是有毒有害物质,有些事剧毒物质,并且是易挥发的液体和气体。
(1) Most materials are toxic and harmful substances, some are highly toxic substances, and are volatile liquids and gases.
(2)消费工艺流程长设备多,因而,物料的走漏点和排放点也就相当多,稍有泄露就会对环境和人员形成危害。
(2) Consumption process is long and equipped, so there are quite a lot of leak points and discharge points of materials. A slight leak will cause harm to the environment and people.
(3)污染形成的伤害严重,化工厂的走漏事故时有发作,一旦有毒气体大量泄出,污染面积大,对四周人群、家畜、农作物的伤害是严重的。
(3) The damage caused by pollution is serious. Leakage accidents in chemical plants occur from time to time. Once toxic gases are released in large quantities, the area of pollution is large, and the damage to the surrounding population, livestock and crops is serious.
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