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氨基磺酸可以代替什么化学产品?
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-03-18 发布人:admin
氨基磺酸作为清洗剂,由于它是固体,具有储存、运输便当,容易配制等很多优点,特别适用远途运用。
  Aminosulfonic acid as a cleaning agent, because it is solid, has many advantages such as convenient storage, transportation, easy preparation and so on, especially suitable for long-distance use.
  氨基磺酸清洗剂运用范围很广,可用于清洗锅炉、冷凝器、换热器、夹套及化工管道。在啤酒厂用它肃清玻璃衬里贮罐、锅、启齿啤酒冷却器,啤酒桶上的垢层;清洗搪瓷厂的蒸发器,以及造纸厂的设备等;在空调方面可除去冷却系统、蒸发冷凝器的铁锈、水垢;海轮用它可肃清海水蒸发器(蒸馏设备)、换热器和盐水加热器内的海藻、水垢;能够清洗铜壶、散热器、餐具洗濯机理、银器、抽水马桶、瓷砖、食品和奶酷加工设备的水垢;能够肃清堆积在蒸煮器上的蛋白质以及鲜肉、蔬菜、奶酪加工厂中运用的消毒吕上的堆积物。美国农业部准许将氨基磺酸用在鲜肉、家禽、兔、蛋加工企业上作酸性清洗剂。
  Aminosulfonic acid cleaner is widely used in cleaning boilers, condensers, heat exchangers, jackets and chemical pipelines. In breweries, it can be used to clean glass-lined tanks, pots, teeth beer coolers, scales on beer barrels, evaporators in enamel factories and equipment in paper mills, etc. In air-conditioning, it can remove rust and scales in cooling systems and evaporative condensers, and it can be used to clean algae and scales in seawater evaporators (distillation equipment), heat exchangers and brine heaters. Clean the scales of copper pots, radiators, tableware washing mechanism, silver wares, toilets, ceramic tiles, food and cheese processing equipment; remove the accumulation of protein on cooking utensils and disinfection luxury used in fresh meat, vegetables and cheese processing plants. USDA permits the use of aminosulfonic acid as an acid cleaner in fresh meat, poultry, rabbit and egg processing enterprises.
  将氨基磺酸溶液注入碳酸盐岩产油层。由于氨基磺酸容易和油层岩石起反响,能防止反响生成盐的堆积,处置费用比用盐酸略高些,但石油产量倍增。美国用羟基乙酸钾48.5%,氨基磺酸3.4%。润湿剂0.1—3%的水溶液清洗油井套管中的石膏垢层,处置时间约30小时
  Aminosulfonic acid solution is injected into carbonate reservoir. Because sulfamic acid is easy to react with reservoir rocks, it can prevent the accumulation of salt generated by reactions. The cost of disposal is slightly higher than that of hydrochloric acid, but the oil production is doubled. Potassium glycoacetate 48.5% and aminosulfonic acid 3.4% were used in the United States. The wetting agent 0.1-3% water solution cleans the gypsum scale layer in the casing of oil well, and the disposal time is about 30 hours.
  汽车外壳先电镀锡-锌合金,然后上漆,漆膜的粘接力就会增加。
  Tin-zinc alloy is plated on the automobile shell, and then coated, the adhesion of the paint film will increase.
  镀金或合金时普遍采用氨基磺酸,镀金、银、金-银合金的电镀液是每立升水中含氨基磺酸60~170克。镀银女服饰针的典型电镀液是每立升水中含氨基磺酸125克,可取得外表十分光亮的镀银。在新的含水镀金电镀液中碱金属氨基磺酸盐、氨基磺酸铵或氨基磺酸可作为导电、缓冲作用的化合物运用。
  Aminosulfonic acid is commonly used in gold plating or alloy plating. The bath of gold plating, silver plating and gold-silver alloy plating contains 60-170 grams of amino sulfonic acid per liter of water. The typical electroplating solution for silver-plated women's clothing needles is 125g aminosulfonic acid per liter of water, which can obtain very bright silver plating. Alkali metal sulfamate, ammonium sulfamate or sulfamate can be used as conductive and buffer compounds in new aqueous gold plating bath.
  从镀镍废液中回收时是用阳离子交流树脂吸附处置然后用氨基磺酸清洗树脂,使被吸附的解吸出来,树脂取得再生。例如处置400ppmNi的电镀废液,用150克/升的氨基磺酸50ml,回收的(NH2SO3)2112克/升,NiSO4148克/升。在镀镍部件修复时需求镍上镀镍,在其阳极处置时可用100克/升的氨基磺酸处置。在镀镍前的镀镍外表要用0.003~0.1克分子的氨基磺酸溶液清洗。
  When recovering from nickel plating wastewater, the resin is adsorbed and disposed by cation exchange resin, then cleaned by Aminosulfonic acid, so that the adsorbed resin can be desorbed, and the resin can be regenerated. For example, 400 ppmNi electroplating waste solution is disposed of with 150 g/l sulfamic acid 50ml, 2112 g/l of recovered (NH2SO3) and 4148 g/l of NiSO. Nickel plating is required for repairing nickel-plated parts and 100g/L sulfamic acid is used for anodic disposal. The appearance of nickel plating before nickel plating should be cleaned with 0.003-0.1 g molecule sulfamic acid solution.
  镀铜液的氨基磺酸含量为3~20升,氨基磺酸的作用是使镀层细密而富有延展性,其粘度力高。
  The content of sulfamic acid in copper plating bath is 3 to 20 liters. The function of sulfamic acid is to make the coating fine and ductile, and its viscosity is high.
  镀铱时NH2SO3H/Ir≥7,取得的铱镀层无裂纹,铱层厚15微米,粘接力大,该产品有自动抗污染设备中显现出良好的活性。
氨基磺酸
  NH2SO3H/Ir (> 7) when Iridium plating, the obtained Iridium coating has no cracks, the thickness of Iridium layer is 15 microns, and the adhesive force is large. The product has good activity in automatic anti-pollution equipment.
  在银器、电器元件上镀铑-铼合金时,电渡液中含氨基磺酸为100克/升,当镀层厚为≤5微米时就有很高硬度和很强的耐腐蚀性,而且电镀层十分光亮,美观。
  When rhodium-rhenium alloy is plated on silver and electrical components, the sulfamic acid content in the electrolyte is 100 g/l. When the thickness of the coating is less than 5 microns, it has high hardness and strong corrosion resistance, and the electrodeposit is very bright and beautiful.
  在黄铜上光亮美观的铑-铼电渡层硬度高,耐腐蚀,电镀液含氨基磺酸100克/升,浓硫酸50克/升,铑(如硫酸盐)2克/升,铼〔如K3N(RuCl4H2O2)2〕0.05克/升,在65℃和1~2安/分米2的条件,堆积速度3~4毫克/安分。
  The bright and beautiful rhodium-rhenium transition layer on brass has high hardness and corrosion resistance. The plating solution contains 100g/l aminosulfonic acid, 50g/l concentrated sulfuric acid, 2g/l rhodium (e.g. sulfate), 0.05g/l rhenium (e.g. K3N (RuCl4H_2O_2), and 3-4mg/ampere at 65 C and 1-2ampere/decimeter 2.
  意大利已运用氨基磺酸铅浴替代氟硅酸浴,可减少污染。在防蚀铝工业上有多种用处。产品光泽好,加工性能优秀。
  In Italy, lead sulfamate bath has been used instead of fluosilicate bath to reduce pollution. It has many uses in anti-corrosion aluminium industry. The product has good gloss and excellent processing performance.
  氨基磺酸是价廉易得和稳定性好的固体酸,对有机酸的酯化反响具有很好的催化效果,且不腐蚀设备
  Aminosulfonic acid is a solid acid with good stability and low cost. It has good catalytic effect on esterification reaction of organic acids and does not corrode equipment.
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