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阻燃剂的研制需要哪些原料?
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-09-04 发布人:admin
  从20世纪50年代初到现在,阻燃剂(FR)和阻燃聚合物在减少火灾造成的生命财产损失方面发挥了重要作用,特别是从80年代初到现在的30多年来。目前,在各种塑料添加剂中,FR的总量仅次于增塑剂,居世界第二位。
  From the early 1950s to the present, flame retardants (FR) and flame retardant polymers have played an important role in reducing the loss of life and property caused by fire, especially in the 30 years from the early 1980s to the present. At present, among all kinds of plastic additives, the total amount of FR is second only to plasticizer, ranking second in the world.
  2007年、2008年、2010年和2014年,全球阻燃剂总消费量分别为170万吨、195万吨、230万吨和262万吨。2010年至2014年的平均年增长率将在3.5%左右。
  In 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2014, global consumption of flame retardants was 1.7 million tons, 1.95 million tons, 2.3 million tons and 2.62 million tons, respectively. The average annual growth rate from 2010 to 2014 will be around 3.5%.
  从销售额来看,2005年全球阻燃剂销售额约为35亿美元,2008年为41亿美元,2010年为50亿美元,2014年为61亿美元,2010 - 2014年年均增长5.5%。
  In terms of sales, the global sales of flame retardants in 2005 were about US$3.5 billion, US$4.1 billion in 2008, US$5 billion in 2010, US$6.1 billion in 2014 and an average annual growth of 5.5% in 2010-2014.
  近年来,我国阻燃剂生产的年均增长率预计为15-20%,远高于全球3-4%的水平。2010年,国内塑料制品的产量是5830.38万吨,和国内阻燃剂行业的潜在市场规模在2010年约117万吨,2011年980000吨,根据阻燃塑料的比例占20%的塑料制品和10%的阻燃剂。
  In recent years, the average annual growth rate of flame retardant production in China is expected to be 15-20%, which is much higher than the global level of 3-4%. In 2010, the domestic production of plastic products was 58.3338 million tons, and the potential market size of the domestic flame retardant industry was about 1.17 million tons in 2010 and 980 000 tons in 2011. According to the proportion of flame retardant plastics, 20% of plastic products and 10% of flame retardants were produced.
  我国阻燃剂在品种和数量上均与发达国家存在差距,发展前景广阔。因此,应提高开发创新能力,推动阻燃剂产业向环保、低毒、、多功能方向发展。
氨基磺酸铵
  There is a gap in the variety and quantity of flame retardants between China and developed countries, and the development prospects of flame retardants are broad. Therefore, we should improve the ability of development and innovation, and promote the flame retardant industry to develop in the direction of environmental protection, low toxicity, high efficiency and multi-function.
  氨基磺酸铵:阻燃剂的研制
  Ammonium Ammonium Sulfamate: Development of Flame Retardant阻燃行业是一个法律驱动的行业,是一个具有全球竞争力的行业。因此,国内外相关法律法规的出台和逐步完善,将影响整个阻燃行业的格局,为具有资源优势、规模经济优势和研发优势的企业提供发展机遇。国家“十二五”规划将阻燃材料纳入重点发展产业,建立了绿色阻燃产业技术创新战略联盟,为阻燃材料产业发展提供了政策平台。
  Flame retardant industry is a law-driven industry and a globally competitive industry. Therefore, the introduction and gradual improvement of relevant laws and regulations at home and abroad will affect the pattern of the whole flame retardant industry and provide development opportunities for enterprises with resource advantages, economies of scale and R&D advantages. In the 12th Five-Year Plan, flame-retardant materials are included in key industries, and a strategic alliance for technological innovation of green flame-retardant industries is established, which provides a policy platform for the development of flame-retardant materials industry.
  阻燃科学技术是为了满足社会安全生产和生活的需要,防止火灾,保护人们的生命财产而发展起来的一门科学。阻燃剂是阻燃技术在现实生活中的应用,是一种用于提高可燃材料燃烧性能的特殊化学助剂,广泛应用于各种装饰材料的阻燃加工。
  Flame-retardant science and technology is developed to meet the needs of social safety production and life, prevent fires, and protect people's lives and property. Flame retardant is the application of flame retardant technology in real life. It is a special chemical additive used to improve the combustion performance of flammable materials. It is widely used in the flame retardant processing of various decorative materials.
  阻燃剂的生产和应用经过二十世纪八十年代初的蓬勃发展,已进入稳步发展的阶段。随着我国合成材料工业的发展和应用领域的不断扩大,阻燃剂在化工建材、电子电器、交通运输、航空航天、日用家具、室内装饰、服装、食品、住房、交通运输等各个领域具有广阔的市场前景。此外,煤田、油田、森林灭火等领域也促进了我国阻燃剂和灭火剂生产的快速发展。阻燃剂已成为我国仅次于增塑剂的第二大高分子材料改性添加剂。近年来,我国阻燃剂的生产和消费不断发展。我国阻燃剂的消费量一直在快速增长,市场份额的增长主要来自两个方面:电器市场和汽车市场。
  The production and application of flame retardants have entered a stage of steady development after vigorous development in the early 1980s. With the development and application of China's synthetic materials industry, flame retardants have broad market prospects in chemical building materials, electronic appliances, transportation, aerospace, household furniture, interior decoration, clothing, food, housing, transportation and other fields. In addition, the fields of coal field, oil field and forest fire extinguishing have also promoted the rapid development of flame retardant and fire extinguishing agent production in China. Flame retardant has become the second largest polymer modified additive in China after plasticizer. In recent years, the production and consumption of flame retardants have been developing continuously in China. China's consumption of flame retardants has been growing rapidly, and the growth of market share mainly comes from two aspects: the electric appliance market and the automobile market.
  我国阻燃剂的品种和消费主要以有机阻燃剂为主,而无机阻燃剂的生产和消费仍然较少。虽然目前常用的卤素阻燃剂具有其他阻燃剂无法比拟的,但它们对环境和人类的危害不容忽视。环保是添加剂开发和应用的重点,因此国内外一直在调整阻燃剂的产品结构,加大开发环保阻燃剂的力度。无卤、低烟、低毒阻燃剂一直是人们追求的目标。近年来,人们对无卤阻燃剂的发展表现出极大的热情,并付出了巨大的努力,取得了可观的成果。
  The main types and consumption of flame retardants in China are organic flame retardants, while the production and consumption of inorganic flame retardants are still less. Although the most commonly used halogen flame retardants are more efficient than other flame retardants, their harm to the environment and human beings can not be ignored. Environmental protection is the focus of the development and application of additives, so the product structure of flame retardants has been adjusted at home and abroad, and the development of high-efficiency environmental flame retardants has been intensified. Halogen-free, low smoke and low toxicity flame retardants have always been the goal of people. In recent years, people show great enthusiasm for the development of halogen-free flame retardants, and have made great efforts and achieved considerable results.
  随着我国阻燃剂的发展,阻燃剂的发展将有更好的前景。我国应提高发展创新能力,推动阻燃产业朝着环保、低毒、、多功能的方向发展。
  With the development of flame retardants in China, the development of flame retardants will have better prospects. China should improve its innovative ability and promote the development of flame retardant industry in the direction of environmental protection, low toxicity, high efficiency and multi-function.
  本文来源:http://www.jnjrh.com
  Source: http://www.jnjrh.com