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氨基磺酸作为清洗上的主要作用
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-11-28 发布人:admin
  氨基磺酸在化工中有至关重要的作用,作为一种用途广泛的化工用品,它具有容易配置、运输方便、便于存储的优点。氨基磺酸作为清洗剂,特别适合远途使用。氨基磺酸清洗剂使用范围很广,可用于清洗锅炉、冷凝器、换热器、夹套及化工管道。
  Aminosulfonic acid plays an important role in chemical industry. As a widely used chemical product, it has the advantages of easy configuration, convenient transportation and convenient storage. As a cleaning agent, sulfamic acid is especially suitable for long distance use. Sulfamic acid cleaning agent is widely used in cleaning boiler, condenser, heat exchanger, jacket and chemical pipeline.
氨基磺酸
  在啤酒厂用它清除玻璃衬里贮罐、锅、开口啤酒冷却器,啤酒桶上的垢层;
  It is used in breweries to remove the scale layer on the glass lined storage tank, pot, open beer cooler and beer barrel;
  清洗搪瓷厂的蒸发器,以及造纸厂的设备等;
  Clean the evaporator of enamel factory and the equipment of paper mill;
  在空调方面可除去冷却系统、蒸发冷凝器的铁锈、水垢;
  In the aspect of air conditioning, the rust and scale of cooling system and evaporation condenser can be removed;
  海轮用它可清除海水蒸发器(蒸馏设备)、换热器和盐水加热器内的海藻、水垢;
  The utility model can remove the algae and scale in the seawater evaporator (distillation equipment), heat exchanger and brine heater;
  可以清洗铜壶、散热器、餐具洗涤机理、银器、抽水马桶、瓷砖、食品和奶酷加工设备的水垢;
  It can clean the scale of copper pot, radiator, tableware washing mechanism, silverware, toilet, ceramic tile, food and milk processing equipment;
  可以清除沉积在蒸煮器上的蛋白质以及鲜肉、蔬菜、奶酪加工厂中使用的消毒吕上的沉积物。美国农业部准许将氨基磺酸用在鲜肉、家禽、兔、蛋加工企业上作酸性清洗剂。将氨基磺酸溶液注入碳酸盐岩产油层。
  It can remove the protein deposited on the digester and the sediment on the sterilized LV used in the processing plants of fresh meat, vegetables and cheese. The U.S. Department of agriculture allows sulfamic acid to be used as an acid cleaner in fresh meat, poultry, rabbit and egg processing enterprises. The sulfamic acid solution is injected into carbonate reservoir.
  因为氨基磺酸容易和油层岩石起反应,能避免反应生成盐的沉积,处理费用比用盐酸略高些,但石油产量倍增。美国用羟基乙酸钾48.5%,氨基磺酸3.4%。润湿剂0.1—3%的水溶液清洗油井套管中的石膏垢层,处理时间约30小时汽车外壳先电镀锡-锌合金,然后上漆,漆膜的粘接力就会增加。镀金或合金时普遍采用氨基磺酸,镀金、银、金-银合金的电镀液是每立升水中含氨基磺酸60~170克。
  Because sulfamic acid is easy to react with reservoir rock, it can avoid the deposition of salt generated by reaction. The treatment cost is slightly higher than that of hydrochloric acid, but the oil production is doubled. In the United States, 48.5% potassium glycolate and 3.4% sulfamic acid were used. The wetting agent 0.1-3% aqueous solution cleans the gypsum scale layer in the oil well casing. The treatment time is about 30 hours. The car shell is first electroplated with tin zinc alloy, then painted, and the adhesion of the paint film will increase. Sulfamic acid is widely used in gold plating or alloy plating. The plating solution of gold, silver and gold silver alloy contains 60-170 g sulfamic acid per liter of water.
  镀银女服饰针的典型电镀液是每立升水中含氨基磺酸125克,可获得表面非常光亮的镀银。在新的含水镀金电镀液中碱金属氨基磺酸盐、氨基磺酸铵或氨基磺酸可作为导电、缓冲作用的化合物使用。从镀镍废液中回收时是用阳离子交换树脂吸附处理而后用氨基磺酸清洗树脂,使被吸附的解吸出来,树脂获得再生。例如处理400ppmNi的电镀废液,用150克/升的氨基磺酸50ml,回收的(NH2SO3)2112克/升,NiSO4148克/升。在镀镍部件修复时需要镍上镀镍,在其阳极处理时可用100克/升的氨基磺酸处理。
  The typical plating solution for silver plated women's clothing needle is 125g sulfamic acid per liter of water, which can obtain very bright silver plating on the surface. In the new aqueous gold plating bath, alkali metal sulfamate, ammonium sulfamate or sulfamate can be used as conducting and buffering compounds. When recovering from nickel plating waste liquid, cation exchange resin is used for adsorption treatment and then sulfamic acid is used to clean the resin, so that the adsorbed resin can be desorbed and regenerated. For example, 150 g / L of sulfamic acid 50ml, 2112 g / L of (nh2so3) and 4148 g / L of NiSO4 are used to treat the electroplating waste liquor of 400 ppmni. Nickel plating is required for repair of nickel plated parts, and 100 g / L sulfamic acid can be used for anode treatment.
  在镀镍前的镀镍表面要用0.003~0.1克分子的氨基磺酸溶液清洗。镀铜液的氨基磺酸含量为3~20升,氨基磺酸的作用是使镀层细密而富有延展性,其粘度力高。镀铱时NH2SO3H/Ir≥7,获得的铱镀层无裂纹,铱层厚15微米,粘接力大,该产品有自动抗污染设备中显示出良好的活性。
  Before nickel plating, the surface of nickel plating should be cleaned with 0.003-0.1g molecular sulfamic acid solution. The content of sulfamic acid in copper plating solution is 3-20 L. the function of sulfamic acid is to make the coating fine and malleable with high viscosity. When plating iridium, nh2so3h / IR ≥ 7, the obtained iridium coating has no cracks, the thickness of iridium layer is 15 μ m, and the adhesive force is large. The product has good activity in the automatic anti pollution equipment.
  在银器、电器元件上镀铑-铼合金时,电渡液中含氨基磺酸为100克/升,当镀层厚为≤5微米时就有很高硬度和很强的耐腐蚀性,而且电镀层非常光亮,美观。在黄铜上光洁美观的铑-铼电渡层硬度高,耐腐蚀,电镀液含氨基磺酸100克/升,浓硫酸50克/升,铑(如硫酸盐)2克/升,铼〔如K3N(RuCl4H2O2)2〕0.05克/升,在65℃和1~2安/分米2的条件,沉积速度3~4毫克/安分。意大利已使用氨基磺酸铅浴代替氟硅酸浴,可减少污染。在防蚀铝工业上有多种用途。产品光泽好,加工性能优良。氨基磺酸是价廉易得和稳定性好的固体酸,对有机酸的酯化反应具有很好的催化效果,且不腐蚀设备。
  When rhodium rhenium alloy is plated on silver and electrical components, the content of sulfamic acid in the ferry solution is 100g / L. when the coating thickness is ≤ 5 μ m, it has high hardness and strong corrosion resistance, and the electroplated layer is very bright and beautiful. The smooth and beautiful rhodium rhenium ferry layer on brass has high hardness and corrosion resistance. The plating solution contains 100g / L of sulfamic acid, 50g / L of concentrated sulfuric acid, 2G / L of rhodium (such as sulfate), 0.05g/l of rhenium (such as k3n (rucl4h2o2) 2). The deposition rate is 3-4mg / a at 65 ℃ and 1-2a / m2. Lead sulfamate bath has been used instead of silicofluoric acid bath in Italy, which can reduce pollution. It has many uses in the anti-corrosion aluminum industry. The product has good luster and processing performance. Aminosulfonic acid is a cheap and stable solid acid, which has a good catalytic effect on the esterification of organic acids and does not corrode the equipment.
  氨基磺酸水溶液可清洗去除铁、钢、铜、不锈钢等材料制造的设备表面的水垢和腐蚀产物,但利用氨基磺酸水溶液进行清洗时,温度一般控制在不超过66℃(以防氨基磺酸分解),浓度不超过10%,具体氨基磺酸使用方法是——氨基磺酸易溶于水,并随着水温的升高,溶解度增大。
  The sulfamic acid aqueous solution can clean and remove the scale and corrosion products on the surface of the equipment made of iron, steel, copper, stainless steel and other materials. However, when the sulfamic acid aqueous solution is used for cleaning, the temperature is generally controlled at no more than 66 ℃ (to prevent the decomposition of sulfamic acid), and the concentration is no more than 10%. The specific method of using sulfamic acid is that sulfamic acid is easy to dissolve in water, and with the increase of water temperature, it will dissolve The solution degree increases.