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如何对氨基磺酸表面活性剂的开发生产?
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-06-14 发布人:admin
要]对氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂的开发停止了综述。依据氨基磺酸型两性外表活
The development of amphoteric surfactant based on aminosulfonic acid was reviewed. Aminosulfonic acid based amphoteric activity
性剂的正电荷中心、链接方式、基和磺基的数目以及亲水基和疏水基的数目将其分为 4大类。氨 氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂主要经过脂肪胺与卤代磺化剂、内酯和无机磺化剂等 3类磺化剂烷磺基化反响而合成。引见了氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂的外表活性、洗濯才能、抗盐才能、生物降解性及配伍性等性能,并对氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂研讨方向提出倡议。
The number of positive charge centers, linking modes, radicals and sulfonates, hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups of sex reagents can be divided into four categories. Aminosulfonic acid type amphoteric surfactant is synthesized mainly by alkyl sulfonation reaction of aliphatic amine with halogenated sulfonating agent, lactone and inorganic sulfonating agent. The properties of amphoteric surfactant of aminosulfonic acid type, such as its apparent activity, washing ability, salt resistance, biodegradability and compatibility, were introduced, and the research direction of amphoteric surfactant of aminosulfonic acid type was proposed.
素有“业味精”称的外表活性剂由于其工之共同的性能普遍应用于消费和生活的各方面,但同时对环境形成了危害。随着人们对产品的平安
The surface active agent known as "industrial monosodium glutamate" is widely used in all aspects of consumption and life because of its common performance, but at the same time it has caused harm to the environment. With the safety of people's products
石油行业。我国氨基酸型两性外表活性剂的研讨和开展与兴旺国度在研讨、开发和应用等方面相
Oil industry. The research and development of amino acid amphoteric surfactants in China and the development and application of amphoteric surfactants in prosperous countries
比还存在较大的差距,高质量、高规格的产品仍需从国外进口。为此,究和开发氨基酸型两性表研面活性剂关于满足国内市场需求,大其应用领扩 域具有理想而重要的意义。 型目前,市场上大多采用的是氨基羧酸, 2氨基磷酸型[,两性外表活性 I和 11 4
There is still a big gap between them. High-quality and high-specification products still need to be imported from abroad. Therefore, the research and development of amino acid-based amphoteric surfactant has an ideal and important significance in meeting the domestic market demand and expanding its application field. Aminocarboxylic acid, 2-aminophosphate [, amphoteric surfactant I and 114] are widely used in the market at present.
性、温和性的请求以及对环保认识的进步,研讨和开发具有高外表活性、多功用和生物相容性的绿 色外表活性剂曾经成为外表活性剂工业开展的主 要方向。氨基酸型外表活性剂其分子构造与自然
With the request of sex, mildness and the progress of environmental awareness, the research and development of green surfactants with high surface activity, multi-function and biocompatibility has become the main direction of the surfactant industry. Molecular structure and nature of amino acid surfactant
氨基磺酸
Amino acid liposomes are similar, with mild and better biodegradability, and are increasingly loved by people. Its research began at the beginning of the 2nd century. In 1999, B Ni synthesized lauryl amino 10 od for the first time. Acetic acid and, lauryl alanine. 13 V 90 German patent published the synthesis and properties of amphoteric surfactant of type IV-lauryl-IV aminosulfonic acid Library download https://www.wenkuxiazai.com/doc/6ba821671eb91a37f1115cf0.html-methylalanine. 13 The United States Patent published the synthetic method of long chain amino sulfonic acid type amphoteric surfactant in 1994. In the 1940s, amphoteric surfactants of amino acids were commercialized in Germany. 1499 Si
mt h等合成了含有两个氨基的氨基酸型两性外表活性剂。此前,基酸型两型外表活性剂的氨研讨主要以制备为主。进入 2 0世纪 5 0年代后, 氨基酸型两性外表活性剂的研讨日益活泼,了除合成不同分子骨架的氨基酸型两性外表活性剂外,人们主要针对氨基酸型两性外表活性剂的性能以及其化学构造和性能间的关系停止了普遍的剂,氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂产量占氨基酸而型两性外表活性剂的很少一局部。
Amino acid amphoteric surfactants containing two amino acids were synthesized by MT h et al. Previously, the preparation of ammonia was the main method in the study of two types of surface active agents. Since the 1950s, the research on amphoteric surfactants based on amino acids has become more and more active. In addition to the synthesis of amphoteric surfactants based on amino acids with different molecular skeletons, people have stopped the general reagents aiming at the properties of amphoteric surfactants based on amino acids and the relationship between their chemical structure and properties. Aminosulfonic acid type amphoteric surfactants account for the production of amino acids. There are few parts of amphoteric surfactants.
氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂除具有氨基酸型两性外表活性剂的 优点之外,比其他氨基羧酸型和氨基磷酸型两性
Aminosulfonic acid type amphoteric surfactant has the advantages of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant, compared with other amino carboxylic acid type amphoteric surfactant and amino phosphoric acid type amphoteric surfactant.
外表活性剂具有较强的耐硬水、电解质等优秀耐性能,合适用于高矿化度的水环境中。因更此,了更好地研讨、为开发和应用氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂,面就其类型、下合成办法和性能停止讨论。
The surfactant has excellent resistance to hard water and electrolyte, and is suitable for high salinity water environment. Therefore, in order to better study and develop amphoteric surfactants of aminosulfonic acid type, the types, synthesis methods and properties of amphoteric surfactants are discussed.
1氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂的分类 1 1按正电荷中心分类 .
Classification 11 of amphoteric surfactants of 1 aminosulfonic acid type is classified by positive charge center.
依照氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂中正电荷中心氮原子分为两类。 1 1 1弱碱性氮原子 ..
According to the nitrogen atoms in the positive charge center of amphoteric surfactants of aminosulfonic acid type, they are divided into two categories. 11 weak basic nitrogen atoms.
研讨 -]由于合成原料可再生, 2, 8合成的产品毒性低、易于生物降解,泡细腻、发配伍性优秀、激刺 性低、和性良好、菌性强、污才能弛缓蚀性柔抗去 能好等,同时合成技术不时更新,用性能不时优应具有弱碱性氮原子的氨基磺酸型两性外表活性剂,仲胺或叔胺基团中的氮原子因质子化作其 用带一价正电荷,该类外表活性剂两性性质依赖氨化!
Discussion -] Because synthetic raw materials are renewable, the products synthesized by 2,8 have low toxicity, easy biodegradability, fine foam, excellent hair compatibility, low irritability, good sex, strong bacterium, good corrosion resistance, flexibility and resistance to decontamination. At the same time, synthetic technology is updated from time to time. Aminosulfonic acid type amphoteric surfactant with weak basic nitrogen atom, secondary amine or tertiary amine group should be used as excellent performance from time to time. The nitrogen atoms in the clusters are protonated into positive charges with one valence. The amphoteric properties of these surfactants depend on ammoniation.
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