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β-氨基乙磺酸与牛磺酸是什么样的关系?
来源:http://www.jnjrh.com 日期:2019-10-29 发布人:admin
牛磺酸(Taurine)又称β-氨基乙磺酸,更早由牛黄中分别出来,故得名。纯品为无色或白色斜状晶体,无臭,牛磺酸化学性质稳定,不溶于乙醚等有机溶剂,是一种含硫的非蛋白氨基酸,在体内以游离状态存在,不参与体内蛋白的生物合成。牛磺酸固然不参与蛋白质合成,但它却与胱氨酸、半胱氨酸的代谢密切相关。人体合成牛磺酸的半胱氨酸亚硫酸羧酶(CSAD)活性较低,主要依托摄取食物中的牛磺酸来满足机体需求。
Taurine, also known as β - aminoethanesulfonic acid, was first separated from bezoar. The pure product is colorless or white oblique crystal, odorless, taurine is stable in chemical properties, insoluble in ether and other organic solvents, is a sulfur-containing non protein amino acid, which exists in a free state in vivo and does not participate in the biosynthesis of protein in vivo. Taurine is not involved in protein synthesis, but it is closely related to the metabolism of cystine and cysteine. The activity of CSAD, which is used to synthesize taurine in human body, is low, and it mainly depends on the intake of taurine in food to meet the needs of human body.
用途:营养强化剂。可用于乳制品。婴幼儿食品及谷类制品,饮液,乳饮料,儿童口服液,配制酒,豆奶粉、豆粉,豆浆,果冻,果汁(果味)型饮料,可可粉及其他口味营养型固体饮料。牛磺酸(Taurine)又称2-氨基乙磺酸,更早由牛黄中分别出来,故得名。是一种含硫的非蛋白氨基酸,在体内以游离状态存在,不参与体内蛋白的生物合成。
Application: nutritional enhancer. It can be used in dairy products. Infant food and cereal products, drinks, milk drinks, children's oral liquid, prepared wine, soy milk powder, soy milk, jelly, fruit juice (fruit flavor) drinks, cocoa powder and other nutritious solid drinks. Taurine, also known as 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, was first separated from bezoar. It is a kind of sulfur-containing non protein amino acid, which exists in free state in vivo and does not participate in the biosynthesis of protein in vivo.
牛磺酸固然不参与蛋白质合成,但它却与胱氨酸、半胱氨酸的代谢密切相关。人体合成牛磺酸的半胱氨酸亚硫酸羧酶(CSAD)活性较低,主要依托摄取食物中的牛磺酸来满足机体需求。
Taurine is not involved in protein synthesis, but it is closely related to the metabolism of cystine and cysteine. The activity of CSAD, which is used to synthesize taurine in human body, is low, and it mainly depends on the intake of taurine in food to meet the needs of human body.
性状:白色结晶或结晶性粉末。无臭,味微酸,水溶液PH值4.1~4.5.熔点300℃。溶于水,不溶于乙醇、乙醚、丙酮。有利于对婴幼儿大脑发育、神经传导、视觉机能的完善、钙的吸收及脂类物质的消化吸收。
Properties: white crystal or crystalline powder. Odorless, slightly sour, pH value of aqueous solution 4.1 ~ 4.5, melting point 300 ℃. Soluble in water, insoluble in ethanol, ether, acetone. It is good for infant brain development, nerve conduction, improvement of visual function, absorption of calcium and digestion and absorption of lipids.
用处:用于医药原料和保健品、食品、饮料、饲料添加剂,可用来防治感冒、发热、神经痛、扁桃体炎、风湿性关节炎、胆囊炎、心衰、高血压、药物中毒和缺乏牛磺酸所惹起的视网膜炎、高血脂等症。
氨基磺酸
Use: it is used for medicine raw materials and health products, food, beverage, feed additive, and it can be used to prevent and treat cold, fever, neuralgia, tonsillitis, rheumatoid arthritis, cholecystitis, heart failure, high blood pressure, retinitis caused by drug poisoning and taurine deficiency, high blood fat and other diseases.
1.食品方面:用作营养强化剂a.用于乳制品、婴幼儿食品、谷类制品,豆制品、复合味精及强化饮料(0.3~o.5g/kg),乳饮料、饮液(0.1~0.5g/kg).b.特别适用于非母乳喂养者的重生儿和新母亲的营养增补剂(母乳中含牛磷酸3.3~6.2mg/IOOml,牛奶中仅含o.7mg/1OOml).c.适用于脑力劳动者的营养增补剂,在利丁开发大脑智力和记忆(0.3~0.5g/日)。对不吃乳制品或鸡蛋的素食者可补充牛磺酸每日三次.每次2g,每日总量6g.
1. Food: used as nutrition enhancer A. used in dairy products, infant food, cereal products, bean products, compound monosodium glutamate and fortified drinks (0.3-o.5g / kg), milk drinks and drinks (0.1-0.5g / kg). B. specially used as nutrition supplement for newborn and new mothers of non breastfed people (3.3-6.2mg/iooml of bovine phosphoric acid in breast milk, only 0.7mg/1ooml in milk). The nutritional supplement for mental workers can develop brain intelligence and memory (0.3-0.5g / day) in reading. For vegetarians who don't eat dairy products or eggs, taurine can be supplemented three times a day, 2G each time, and the total daily amount is 6G.
2.饲料力面:a,用作宠物营养增补剂由于猫不能在体内从其它氨基酸合成足够的牛磺酸,田此,牛磺酸是猫的必需氨基酸,在猫食中添加0.2%牛磺酸以维持猫的生长、发育和繁衍。b,在水产饲料方面,有着极端普遍的应用,能够改善水产产品的肉质及营养含量。
2. Feed force surface: A. It is used as pet nutrition supplement because the cat can not synthesize enough taurine from other amino acids in the body. Taurine is the essential amino acid of the cat. Add 0.2% taurine in the cat food to maintain the growth, development and reproduction of the cat. B. It has extremely common application in aquatic feed, which can improve the meat quality and nutrient content of aquatic products.
药物用处
Drug use
(1)强肝利胆作用:豚鼠实验标明,牛磺酸可解除胆汁阻塞,呈利胆作用。
(1) strong liver and cholagogic effect: the experiment of guinea pig shows that taurine can relieve bile obstruction and has cholagogic effect.
(2)解热与抗炎作用:本品可能经过对5-ht系统或儿茶酚胺系统的作用降低体温
(2) antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects: This product may reduce body temperature through its effect on central 5-HT system or catecholamine system.
(3)降压作用
(3) Depressurization
(4)强心和抗心律失常作用
(4) cardiotonic and antiarrhythmic effects
(5)降血糖作用
(5) hypoglycemic effect
(6)牛磺酸有松弛骨骼肌和拮抗肌强直的作用
(6) taurine can relax skeletal muscle and antagonize myotonia.
牛磺酸在化装品/护肤品中的应用
Application of taurine in cosmetics / skin care products
国外的研发实验室证明牛磺酸(Taurine)具有赋活肌肤细胞的才能,可源源不时地提供年轻肌肤快速与耐久的能量补充与多重维护。牛磺酸同时也具有进步肌肤免疫力,抵御外界环境对肌肤的侵袭的成效。
Foreign research and development laboratories have proved that taurine has the ability to activate skin cells, and can provide fast and durable energy supplement and multiple maintenance for young skin from time to time. Taurine also has the effect of improving skin immunity and resisting the invasion of external environment to skin.